Thursday, October 13, 2011

How To Choose The Best Infertility Treatment?

By Sean Frank

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and Intra Cytoplasmic Injection (ICSI) are two of the most common methods used to treat infertility when less expensive options have failed. Both procedures are almost similar. The major difference between the two procedures is with IVF once the sperm is introduced to the eggs in Petri dish, there is no further intervention whereas with ICSI, the sperm cell is carefully selected and injected into the egg.

IVF is used to overcome female infertility in the woman due to problems of the fallopian tube. The woman undergoes ovarian stimulation and several eggs are harvested to be placed in a Petri dish to be fertilized by the sperms. While the embryos are still in the lab, IVF specialists can improve the ability of the embryos to implant in the uterus.

IVF can be done even though the woman has already gone through menopause. IVF can be used for surrogacy when the woman providing the egg isn't the one who will carry the pregnancy to term. The fact that IVF can be done with a couple's own eggs and sperms or with donor eggs, sperm or embryos can enable unmarried individuals, homosexual, or same sex couples have children.

However, if the couple intend to use the husband's sperm but the man has either a low sperm count or poor quality of the sperm then Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is the solution. The eggs are collected using the same technique as in IVF. However, the eggs and the sperm will be fertilized in the laboratory by injecting a single sperm into each egg.

The fertilization rate per egg using ICSI is about 70% despite the sperm being poor quality or quantity. The resulting embryos will be put into the womb just as with IVF. The fertilization rate per infertile couple is over 99% if the wife has sufficient eggs, and the pregnancy rate per treatment cycle is over 50%. This method is very cost-effective, and it has the equal chance of getting pregnant as any couple with normal sperm. (Advance Fertility Center of Chicago)

ICSI is the only chance for a man who is otherwise considered hopelessly sterile and those who have undergone vasectomy to get their wives pregnant. Other wise, they have to resort to donor sperm. Only a few weak sperm is more than enough to micro surgically inject these few sperm into his wife's eggs, fertilize them normally, and get her pregnant. A testicle biopsy can also be performed and if a few non-moving sperms are found, ICSI procedure can be performed.

In real fact, many fertility hospitals are conducting ICSI for all IVF cycles to get better fertilization ratios and better outcomes even when the husband's sperm count is not impaired. The success rate of ICSI and IVF technique are almost the very similar. Overall, IVF is less expensive than ICSI because it acquires less laboratory work. According on the nature of a couple's infertility and preferences, the specialist will recommend | suggest either the IVF or ICSI.

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